Sports complexes including athletics, swiming, cycling, gymnastics, tennis, basketball, hockey and other large enclosures.
These structures will often involve tensioned membrane roof panels, large span trusses, arches, cablenets or other forms of lightweight structures.
The following articles are in random order:
Structural Design of the Arch and Roof of Wembley Stadium
Kourosh Kayvani, PhD, FIEAust, CPEng
Aurecon, Sydney, Australia
The aim of the new Wembley Stadium was to design and build a state-of-the-art national stadium, unlike any other in the world. The new stadium, with its elegant exposed steel structure arch, is an international icon as was the old stadium with its twin towers which was built in 1923.
The design brief required the roof not to cover the playing field which lead to one unique aspect of the roof in that it partially retracts over the seats to allow the daylight to reach all points of the pitch and thus a shadow-free playing field.
The retractable roof is formed by seven separate independently driven roof panels totalling 15,000 sqm that move in a parallel motion to the south as they "open" and stack on the top of one another when in a fully "open" position.
With the retracting roof panels all moving to the south, the roof design exploits the opportunity to have a tall, structurally efficient structure on the north side to support the north and south roofs. The solution was to have an elegant and structurally efficient arch which spans the entire width of the stadium's seating bowl (Figure 1).
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The LSAA 2007 Conference held at the Gold Coast included a site visit to the nearby Robina Stadium which was under construction. The stage of construction was the installation of the tensioned fabric roof panels.
The following are some images taken during that visit.
A link to view details (non-engineering) of the stadiums for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa:
Credits: The following article is adapted from
The 2010 Fifa World Cup will be played out in 10 newly built or upgraded stadiums, in nine South African cities.
Five are existing stadiums, all of which have been upgraded, with the showpiece Soccer City in Johannesburg having undergone a major upgrade. The remaining five have been built from scratch - and completed on schedule.
The stadiums are:
Soccer City Stadium, Johannesburg
Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg
Cape Town Stadium, Cape Town
Loftus Versfeld Stadium, Pretoria
Durban Stadium, Durban
Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium, Port Elizabeth
Royal Bafokeng Stadium, Rustenburg
Free State Stadium, Bloemfontein
Mbombela Stadium, Nelspruit
Peter Mokaba Stadium, Polokwane
Demolition and groundwork began in 2006, with construction of all the major facilities starting in February 2007. South Africa’s construction industry, which has substantial experience in large-scale infrastructure development, was consulted about the stadium timelines - and it was agreed that the dates were realistic.
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium roof in Delhi, India.
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (JNS) was originally built in 1982 in honour of India's first Prime Minister. Mr. Nehru is credited as the founder of modern India through political and social reform. In preparation for the upcoming 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi this facility is receiving a dramatic update. The crowning achievement to the stadium's rebirth will be the tensile membrane roof, supported by a vast cable net. LSAA members MakMax were awarded the contract to supply and install an ambitious fabric and cable roof design, the structure is now near completion with 50 of the 88 fabric panels installed. Schlaich Bergermann & Partners are the structural engineers.
Several recent stadia roofs have employed the structural concept broadly described as a bicycle wheel.
In this concept there is the outer rim, or compression ring supported at regular intervals around the circular or near circular grandstand.
Radial elements span into a central hub - like the spokes of a wheel joining onto the axle hub. Schlaich Bergermann Partner are considered pioneers in using this concept - such as for the stadium in Kuala Lumpur.
Entrant: Tensys Engineers Pty Ltd
- Location: Doha, Qatar
- Client: Lakhwiya Sports Club
- Completion Date: February 2013
This project was entered in the 2013 LSAA Design Awards (Cat 4, #6515)
The development is to create a new stadium for the local Qatar League team ‘Lakhwiya’. The works involve creating a 15,000 seat stadium with 4 grand stand sun shading roofs.
Lakhwiya Football Club is local league champions in 2012 and 2013. The development is to create a new home stadium for this team. Al Khayyat Development were provided with the brief to carry out a design and build facilities for (not only) the stadium but associated facilities of car parking, gymnasium and ancillary buildings
Entrant: Tensys Engineering Pty Ltd
Location: Robina, Qld. Client: The State of Qld. Major Sport Facilities Authority
Architect: Populous (formerly HOK SVE) Struct. Eng.: SKM Specialist: Tensys Engineering Pty Ltd
Others: Beenleigh Steel Fabrications Pty Ltd Builder: Watpac Limited Fabricator: Hightex GmBh
This project was entered in the LSAA 2009 Design Awards, Category 3 #3066
Skilled Park, located in the suburb of Robina on the Gold Coast, was officially opened in March 2008 and is the home ground of NRL club Jetstar Gold Coast Titans and new football club Gold Coast United Football Club who joined the A-League in 2009.
The multi-purpose sporting and entertainment stadium was constructed over a two-year period and includes seating for 27,400 spectators.
Designed to be suitable for all rectangular field sports including Rugby League, Rugby Union and Football, the stadium includes 100 open corporate boxes
The Adelaide Oval is a world class cricket facility that has been the focus of a $535 million redevelopment which was completed in 2014.
The slider shows some images from a visit in July 2015.
Photo Credits: Peter Kneen
This project was entered in the LSAA 2011 Design Awards (Cat 4, 4002)
The Carrara Stadium was originally built in the late 1980’s and played host to a number of events however the venue has traditionally been a football ground. The decision to redevelop the site came as a welcome change to many sporting fans. The redevelopment is also in line with the Queensland government’s bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
The newly named and revamped Metricon Stadium is built to accommodate a Australian Rules football oval, world standard cricket oval, provision to allow future installation of an athletics field and international standard soccer field including all the associated corporate, media and player facilities. The Queensland Government funded project secures a future for sport of all kinds in the region, opens the possibility to world class soccer coming to the region as well as other major national and international sporting events.
Entrant: Structurflex Ltd - Engineering Fabrication Installation
Location: Sandy - Salt Lake City Utah USA
Client: Salt Lake County - Utah & Real Salt Lake
Architect: Rossetti Architects
Struct. Eng.: Wade Design Engineers & Wayne Rendely PE
Builder: Turner Construction
This project was entered in the LSAA 2009 Design Awards, Category 3 #3002
No further details have been entered to date.
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