Large fabric structures have generally been thought of as those that have a fabric surface area greater than 1000 square metres. These structures may be described as single surfaces or panels in the form of one of the classic hypars, barrel vaults, cones, panels with single or crossing arches - or a combination.
Larger fabric structures can also be made from several modules or panels of similar forms to build up a substantial sized structure. The multiple panels might be arranged in a linear layout, or in a circular or oval pattern commonly found in stadia roofs. The boundaries are defined structurally and geometrically by straight or curved elements such as arches, edge beams and cables. The prestress forces from adjacent panels often counterbalance and the more efficient structures have a larger degree of symmetry and continuity such as a complete "bicycle wheel" for the roof a major sports stadium.
and some more projects
The following articles are in random order:
Mumbai Arrival Plaza
Entrant: MakMax Australia – Designer
Location: Mumbai International Airport – India
Client: Mumbai International Airport Limited
Struct. Eng.: MakMax Australia
Others: Mahimtura Consultants
Builder: Mumbai International Airport Limited
Fabricator: MakMax Australia
APPLICATION OF PROJECT:
Zoo Enclosure for Sumatran Tigers.
The Sumatran Tiger Enclosure at Taronga Zoo consists of three separate enclosures.
Enclosure 1 and 3 are free form tensile roof canopies constructed from X-Tend Mesh.
X-Tend Mesh effectively acts as a tensioned cable net structure.
The mesh is tied to catenary cable boundaries connected to masts with tieback cables and is pushed / pulled up with 4 flying masts in each enclosure.
The flying masts are supported on a structural cable net that is attached to a large central mast and tied back to the perimeter masts structures.
On these two enclosures, there are also free form tensioned X-Tend Mesh walls that are suspended from the X-Tend Mesh roof structure and tied to the ground or to other viewing and husbandry buildings projecting into the enclosures.
Entrant: Global Fabric Structures (UFS)
• Category: 4 ID Number: 3301
• Location: Sydney
• Client: Thiess Australia
• Completion Date: December 2012
• Structural Engineer: Wade Design Engineers
• Fabricator: Global Fabric Structures
• Installer: Global Fabric Structures
APPLICATION OF PROJECT: Environmental Remediation
The former HMAS Platypus site is nestled below the suburb of Neutral Bay, Sydney Australia on a quiet harbour inlet.
This site has been an integral part of the history of Sydney Harbour since the early 1800's. A gasworks, a workshop for servicing torpedoes and a base for Australian Submarines have a left a contaminated industrial site that is excavated out of sandstone and spread over several levels.
The site has an area of approximately 1.8 hectares and includes 11 buildings and structures, some of which are of heritage significance. The soils, bedrock and groundwater on the site are contaminated, predominately related to the former gas works operations.
The Sydney Harbour Federation Trust acquired HMAS Platypus in 2005 and has commenced the restoration, for the enjoyment of present and future generations to enjoy the history, heritage and harbourside location.
The Cloud - Auckland, New Zealand
APPLICATION OF PROJECT:
The Cloud is a semi permanent multi purpose event & exhibition structure, initially developed for the Rugby World Cup
The Cloud is a semi permanent structure erected on the western edge of Queens Wharf to accommodate the city's commitment to hosting an inner-city fanzone, festival and showcase event during the Rugby World Cup 2011. Installed as part of the recent 18 month redevelopment of Queens Wharf, The Cloud will be utilised by NZ2011 to showcase the best of New Zealand innovation and creativity during the REAL New Zealand Showcase. At almost 180m long, The Cloud can accommodate up to 6,000 people. Its' ground floor area can be split into four segments, which means the building is able to cater for a range of showcase and festival events occurring at the same time. It also provides the ability for the fanzone to be scaled up or down according to demand. The mezzanine floor at the northern end of The Cloud is designed for VIP hosting.
Entrant: MakMax Australia
Category: 4 ID Number: 4302
Location: Brisbane Domestic Airport
Client: Brisbane Airport Corporation
Completion Date: June 2012
Others: Custom Cables
Builder: Liang O'Rourke Pty Ltd
Fabricator: MakMax Australia
APPLICATION OF PROJECT: Pedestrian bridge roof, open air.
This airport terminal access project involves the construction of a major pedestrian bridge linking a new multi-level car park and train platforms to the terminal building one of the country’s business airports.
This covered walkway project is part of a larger group of construction projects which serve to improve all pedestrian and vehicular traffic at the airport. Our client requested design, fabrication and installation of the tensioned membrane roof system. The purpose was purely weather protection for pedestrian traffic on new pedestrian access bridge.
Entrant: Light Weight Structures
- Category: 4 ID Number: 4351
- Location: Mooloolaba
- Client: Mooloolaba Bowls Club
- Completion Date: November 2011
- Structural Engineer: Jeremy Hunter
- Specialists: Trevor Scott Building Designer
- Builder: Light Weight Structures
- Fabricator: Stanfast
- Installer: Light Weight Structures
"An elegant project - the best of the bowling club offerings. As well as taking care of core business, the structure lends some design distinction to a town not oversupplied with architectural gems."
APPLICATION OF PROJECT: Bowling Green Canopy
The project covered two bowling greens each measuring 1240 sqmts for a total undercover area of the tensile structure 3253 sqmts. Fabric roofing was the superior choice of roofing material over metal roofing, as fabric offers translucency of natural light during daylight hours and with the use of energy efficient up lights an aesthetically favorable backlit effect at night with the added benefit of shadow free reflected lighting to the bowling arena.
The structural design features leaning arches and valley cables spanning the width of the structure forming a Ridge and Valley canopy. The ends of structure are curved/closed encapsulating artificial nighttime light within the roof canopy minimizing the nighttime light spillage and annoyance to neighboring properties.
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