Structural Design of the Arch and Roof of Wembley Stadium

Kourosh Kayvani, PhD, FIEAust, CPEng 
Aurecon, Sydney, Australia

ROOF DESCRIPTION

The aim of the new Wembley Stadium was to design and build a state-of-the-art national stadium, unlike any other in the world. The new stadium, with its elegant exposed steel structure arch, is an international icon as was the old stadium with its twin towers which was built in 1923.

The design brief required the roof not to cover the playing field which lead to one unique aspect of the roof in that it partially retracts over the seats to allow the daylight to reach all points of the pitch and thus a shadow-free playing field.

The retractable roof is formed by seven separate independently driven roof panels totalling 15,000 sqm that move in a parallel motion to the south as they "open" and stack on the top of one another when in a fully "open" position.

With the retracting roof panels all moving to the south, the roof design exploits the opportunity to have a tall, structurally efficient structure on the north side to support the north and south roofs. The solution was to have an elegant and structurally efficient arch which spans the entire width of the stadium's seating bowl (Figure 1).

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The Adelaide Oval is a world class cricket facility that has been the focus of a $535 million redevelopment which was completed in 2014.

The slider shows some images from a visit in July 2015.

Photo Credits: Peter Kneen

28,15,0,50,1
600,600,60,1,5000,1000,25,2000
90,300,1,50,12,25,50,1,70,12,1,50,1,1,1,5000
Southern Stand
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Southern stand
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South and Western stands
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Roof of Southern Stand
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Rear of Southern Stand
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Concourse walkway Southern Stand
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Detail 1
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Detail connection
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Eastern Side
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Western 2
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Stage 1 of the redevelopment
Western Stands
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A model of the $535 million redevelopment of the Adelaide Oval project - taken 2015
Model AO
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Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium roof in Delhi, India.

Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (JNS) was originally built in 1982 in honour of India's first Prime Minister. Mr. Nehru is credited as the founder of modern India through political and social reform. In preparation for the upcoming 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi this facility is receiving a dramatic update. The crowning achievement to the stadium's rebirth will be the tensile membrane roof, supported by a vast cable net. LSAA members  MakMax were awarded the contract to supply and install an ambitious fabric and cable roof design, the structure is now near completion with 50 of the 88 fabric panels installed. Schlaich Bergermann & Partners are the structural engineers.

The following table of Largest Stadiums was found on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_stadiums_by_capacity 

A source of information about Stadiums can be found at http://www.stadiumdb.com

Current Stadiums

The Optus Stadium is the brand new 60,000 seat sports stadium in Perth.

Two of the LSAA member companies - Arup and MakMax - have been involved in the design and construction of the roof structure.

The Arup design team attended the cracking one day cricket game between Australia and England for the first major event at Optus Stadium. The feature of the stadium is the lightweight cantilevering roof that has a clean fabric membrane soffit and those huge speakers pack a punch. Unfortunately we lost the day only by a few runs but the atmosphere was great.

Abdullah bin Khalifa (Lakhwiya Stadium)

Entrant:                            Tensys Engineers Pty Ltd

  • Category:  4                ID Number:  6515
  • Location:                     Doha, Qatar

  • Client:                         Lakhwiya Sports Club

  • Completion Date:          February 2013

Credits:

  • Architect:                    Perkins Eastman (USA), ECG (Egypt)

  • Structural Engineer:     Tensys Engineers

  • Builder:                       Al Khayyat Development

  • Fabricator:                  Hardco

APPLICATION OF PROJECT:   

The development is to create a new stadium for the local Qatar League team ‘Lakhwiya’.  The works involve creating a 15,000 seat stadium with 4 grand stand sun shading roof.

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