Sports complexes including athletics, swiming, cycling, gymnastics, tennis, basketball, hockey and other large enclosures.
These structures will often involve tensioned membrane roof panels, large span trusses, arches, cablenets or other forms of lightweight structures.
The following articles are in random order:
Structural Design of the Arch and Roof of Wembley Stadium
Kourosh Kayvani, PhD, FIEAust, CPEng
Aurecon, Sydney, Australia
The aim of the new Wembley Stadium was to design and build a state-of-the-art national stadium, unlike any other in the world. The new stadium, with its elegant exposed steel structure arch, is an international icon as was the old stadium with its twin towers which was built in 1923.
The design brief required the roof not to cover the playing field which lead to one unique aspect of the roof in that it partially retracts over the seats to allow the daylight to reach all points of the pitch and thus a shadow-free playing field.
The retractable roof is formed by seven separate independently driven roof panels totalling 15,000 sqm that move in a parallel motion to the south as they "open" and stack on the top of one another when in a fully "open" position.
With the retracting roof panels all moving to the south, the roof design exploits the opportunity to have a tall, structurally efficient structure on the north side to support the north and south roofs. The solution was to have an elegant and structurally efficient arch which spans the entire width of the stadium's seating bowl (Figure 1).
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The Adelaide Oval is a world class cricket facility that has been the focus of a $535 million redevelopment which was completed in 2014.
The slider shows some images from a visit in July 2015.
Photo Credits: Peter Kneen
Many stadiums around the world now require special roof structures which utilize the principles we look for in a lightweight structure.
Some recent stadium structures are shown below:
Rio Tinto Stadium
Entrant: Structurflex Ltd - Engineering Fabrication Installation
Location: Sandy - Salt Lake City Utah USA
Client: Salt Lake County - Utah & Real Salt Lake
Architect: Rossetti Architects
Struct. Eng.: Wade Design Engineers & Wayne Rendely PE
Builder: Turner Construction
Metricon Stadium - Carrara, Qld.
The Carrara Stadium was originally built in the late 1980’s and played host to a number of events however the venue has traditionally been a football ground. The decision to redevelop the site came as a welcome change to many sporting fans. The redevelopment is also in line with the Queensland government’s bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
The newly named and revamped Metricon Stadium is built to accommodate a Australian Rules football oval, world standard cricket oval, provision to allow future installation of an athletics field and international standard soccer field including all the associated corporate, media and player facilities. The Queensland Government funded project secures a future for sport of all kinds in the region, opens the possibility to world class soccer coming to the region as well as other major national and international sporting events.
As with any world class stadium the design incorporated a tensile membrane roof component. Covering 70% of the seating capacity at the venue this roof is a major part of the facilities function and aesthetics.
The following table of Largest Stadiums was found on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_stadiums_by_capacity
A source of information about Stadiums can be found at http://www.stadiumdb.com
The LSAA 2007 Conference held at the Gold Coast included a site visit to the nearby Robina Stadium which was under construction. The stage of construction was the installation of the tensioned fabric roof panels.
The following are some images taken during that visit.
Skilled Stadium, Gold Coast
Entrant: Tensys Engineering Pty Ltd
Location: Robina, Qld.
Client: The State of Qld. Major Sport Facilities Authority
Architect: Populous (formerly HOK SVE)
Struct. Eng.: SKM
Specialist: Tensys Engineering Pty Ltd
Others: Beenleigh Steel Fabrications Pty Ltd
Builder: Watpac Limited
Fabricator: Hightex GmBh
Freshly installed Roof Panels
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